Referring children of other cultural and linguistic background (Roma) to special education – the european experience (Bachelor thesis)

Κίμογλου, Χριστίνα/ Ταλάντη, Πελαγία-Αλεξάνδρα/ Τσεχελίδου, Μαρία/ Χανού, Κορνηλία/ Kimoglou, Christina/ Talanti, Pelagia-Alexandra/ Tsechelidou, Maria/ Chanou, Kornilia

This present final paper is moving in the wider field of education policy and focuses on the education of Roma in Western and Central Europe, namely in Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria and Romania. Before we proceed to the analysis of educational policies which implement in these countries for the education of Roma, we deem appropriate to consider a number of issues, which make up the framework within which the matter under consideration takes place. So, we proceed to the successive presentation initially, the issue of education in modernism directly involved with the idea of the nation- state, and then the question of the existence of various minorities within it, which is also linked to the issue of integration or social and educational exclusion interim minority students. Following comes a special reference to the educational policies that moderate everything in Europe as well as the issue of Intercultural Education, of educational role models that dominated and will continue to dominate in the educational field but also in the matter of Special Education. Essential part of our paper is the discussion upon the minority of the Roma. This part begins with an attempt to clarify a series of issue, like the identity of the Roma and their educational needs. Thus, a few axes are assembled, upon which the findings of the inquiring part are being placed in order to reach some deductions regarding the government choices but also families/communities regarding the education of the children Roma in Central Europe. Motive for the development of this paper are the knowledge and concerns that arose during the class of the E’ semester of our studies with title “Management of cultural diversity in the classroom”, with our professor Mavrommatis Georgios. Our exposure to the subject was our first stimulate for our avocation with the Roman and their education. The feeling of curiosity that came from our contact with the subject was enhanced from the stance from the country which we come from, Greece, has adopt against minorities and especially against the Roma. Nevertheless, the general racist perception against minorities is not a phenomenon that locates only in Greece but in all European countries from which other show a bigger and others smaller percentage of their establishment. Biases of that kind contribute to the haunting of the name of “Rom”, they were caused from negative social perception that “follow” the minority from the begging of its first appearance, without any special effort being made for the improvement of this situation
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Δημοκρίτειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θράκης. Σχολή Επιστημών Αγωγής. Παιδαγωγικό Τμήμα Δημοτικής Εκπαίδευσης
Subject classification: Multicultural education--Europe
Special education-Europe
Keywords: Ρομά-Τσιγγάνοι,Εκπαίδευση των Ρομά,Ειδική εκπαίδευση,Εκπαιδευτικές πολιτικές για μειονότητες,Ρατσισμός,Roma-Gypsies,Education of Roma,Special education,Social and educational exclusion,Racism

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