Education of women in Greece (1940-1960) (Bachelor thesis)

Ορταξίδου, Παναγιώτα/ Πετρίδου, Βασιλική/ Σταματάκη, Αικατερίνη/ Ortaxidou, Panagiota/ Petridou, Vasiliki/ Stamataki, Ekaterini

This paper was conducted as a bachelor thesis in the Department of Primary Education. Its purpose is to investigate the education provided to Greek women during 1940-1960. The first decades of the 20th century were marked by the events of the Balkan wars, the First World war and the Asia Minor Catastrophe. When Eleftherios Venizelos was the Prime Minister, the educational reform of 1929 was held, being a great section in the history of education. The basic traits of this reform was the establishment of compulsory education for Greek women and the inclusive education for both sexes in the six-year now primary school. Ιn addition, extra care was taken for secondary education through the function of secondary schools for girls and the establishment of senior girls schools called Parthenagogia. In 1933, the pedagogical academies were established, aiming to train teachers, both men and women, and they will dominate the next sixty years. With the dictatorship of Metaxas in 1936, education was regressed back to the years before the reform of 1929. The dictator wanted to limit the role of women, noting that women were responsible only for becoming good housewives and wives. Subsequently, no particular reform was made in the educational sector during the German occupation and the Civil war due to the political unrest. In the early postwar period, the new Constitution of the country was voted and later, K. Karamanlis was appeared on the political scene assuming power. On conclusion, the educational reform of 1959 was worthy of reference, according to which emphasis was given to technical-professional sector. Finally, for the empirical approach was used as a research tool the interview. 15 women aged over 75 years from the prefectures of Evros, Rodopi, Thessaloniki, Imathia and Ithaki were involved in the research. From the responses of respondents, were concluded that the girls attended school, without being afected by war or any discrimination against them by the social and family environment. In addition, a barrier for the migration of girls in middle and higher education were financial difficulties, making it privilege for more affluent girls
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Δημοκρίτειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θράκης. Σχολή Επιστημών Αγωγής. Παιδαγωγικό Τμήμα Δημοτικής Εκπαίδευσης
Subject classification: Women--Education--Greece--History--20th century
Keywords: Γυναίκα,Μεταρρύθμιση,Παιδαγωγικές ακαδημίες,Συνεκπαίδευση,Woman,Reform,Pedagogical academies,Inclusive education

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